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Epona- The Horse Goddess Essay

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Epona, pronounced Ey­PONE­ah, a pan­Celtic (Gallic) horse goddess worshiped from around

400BC and earlier until around the time of Christianization in circa 400AD is called the Horse goddess or

Divine Mare. Also referred to as the Great Mare or Mare Goddess, Epona, is one of the most well known

deities in the Celtic pantheon and possibly the only Celtic goddess to have been worshiped in Rome. While

she is believed to have originated in Alesia in Gaul her worship spread widely spanning the entire Celtic and

Roman worlds and as far away as North Africa. Part of her expansive worship area is likely from the Roman

army who worshiped her as a military cult thus spreading her worship to all areas they occupied. The British

also joined in a cult style worship of Epona deeming her “Rigatona” or “Rig Antonia” meaning “Great

Queen.” Here she is seen with a possible correlation to the goddess Rhiannon who was also known by that

title during her time of worship years later. It is in this aspect that Epona is believed to be relived in the

Welsh tales of the Mabinogion. Epona has also been associated with many other goddesses including

Macha, the Goddess of War, in Ireland.

While no stories are evident of a husband, children or other family, it is suggested that Epona may

have originated as a great nature­mother goddess that was later reduced to a horse goddess. Only one

story seems to have survived about this goddess. In the Parallela Minora (Greek and Roman Parallel Lives)

is a story about Fulvius Stellus. This story states how he so hated women that he took a horse to mate. The

mare became pregnant giving birth to a beautiful daughter she named Epona who was thought to be able to ...


... middle of paper ...


...(Facts on File, 1993) p78

Epona.net Introduction http://www.epona.net/introduction.html

Journeying to the Goddess Goddess Epona

http://journeyingtothegoddess.wordpress.com/2012/06/13/goddess­epona/

Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Correspondences Sandra Kynes (Llewellyn Worldwide, 2013) pg320

Llewellyn Spell of the Day Epona's Feast Day https://www.llewellyn.com/spell.php?spell_id=5232

The Magical Circle School Resource Library Gods and Goddesses Epona Colleen

Criswellhttp://www.mistresskalpanasrealm.com/mod/glossary/showentry.php?

courseid=36&eid=1019&displayformat=dictionary

The Magical Circle School Resource Library Gods and Goddesses Epona Raiwvynn Dusasa (Student

acct.) http://www.mistresskalpanasrealm.com/mod/glossary/showentry.php?

courseid=36&eid=14973&displayformat=dictionary

Wikipedia Epona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epona


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