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Difference between the Social Sciences and the Natural Sciences Essay

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Explain the argument for each side of this issue, then describe your own view.
Social sciences are the analysis methodically of the social area of the world. They are mixed area of study of human behavior and society which include disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. Social sciences study methodically the manner in which people behave and how they influence the world around us. It aims to comprehend any given social phenomena by using a methodology borrowed from the physical sciences. Natural sciences are the study of natural world. They use scientific method to study about nature and relate to everything else in nature such as the animals, earth, plants and etc. It covers topics such as physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
The arguments on both sides include reason and causes, introspection verse observation and holism verse reduction. For social science is the distinction between reason and causes. For social scientist argument is that we should be concern with the purity of causes and not with reasons. An example would be to study what cause people to do the things they do and not study the reason for what people do. The inner argument is we should look into reason why people do thing because it cause people to do the things they do. If we do not look at the whole story, we will miss out. Natural science side believes they should explain the world reasons for purpose and goals rather the causal forces. Example: Why the sun move across the sky verse what the sun want to do. Another example would be is the reason why the birds’ beak is formed to catch food. A cause is, it formed to eat seeds. They believe we should take the purpose and intent out and understand it in a...


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...urate explanations and predictions.
Are these challenges similar to the challenges of the natural sciences?
I feel that challenges to success in the social science are not similar to the challenges of the natural sciences. The main purpose for my statement is natural sciences base theories on concrete structural forms. Changes are much slower and subjects or matters are constant. Another factor is natural science research is primarily performed in a lab where conditions are more controllable. The similarities between natural science and social science are which they are both observed specific phenomena, only observation for social scientist can be divided as observation, asking question, studying written document. But natural scientist is not able to use those ways because metals, chemicals and other materialistic matters can not be studied like people.



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