Preview
Preview

The Development of Agriculture Essay

:: 5 Works Cited
Length: 1313 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


In order to come to a conclusion as to which processes were the most important in leading to the development of agriculture it is necessary to compare and contrast examples from various regions of the world. I have chosen to concentrate on Southwest Asia (particularly the Levant area), North America and East Asia. The processes discussed include the influence of climate change and the tendency towards a sedentary lifestyle amongst hunter-gatherer groups. Also the settling in small communities for longer periods in areas conducive to farming, the development of year round settlements into villages and the construction of ritual or communal sites which indicate advanced organisation of people. The beginnings of symbolism and cognitive behaviour may also contribute to the development of agriculture.
Climate change must have played a significant part in providing the environment in which agriculture could develop. In Southwest Asia the end of the ice age brought warmer, wetter conditions in the late Glacial Maximum and the early Epipalaeolithic. The cooler, drier Younger Dryas Period accentuated the need for groups to supplement their collecting of wild plants and when the climate became warmer and wetter around 9500 BC it produced fertile soils ready for cultivation, especially for wheat. In North America the fertile river floodplains of areas such as Illinois were not suitable for settling and crops until the mid-Holocene, around 7000 BC. At this time a shift south in plant species meant a change in diet for the hunter- gatherer groups. A climate similar to now was established only after 2500 BC. In East Asia two different areas developed at the same time but climate and environmental factors dictated that only when the formation...


... middle of paper ...


...food as a political weapon to impose control is a practice that continues to this day which indicates the importance of these processes.





Works Cited

Browman, D.L. Fritz, G. J. Watson. P. J. (2009 ) ‘Origins of food-producing economies in the Americas’, in Scarre, C. (ed.) The Human Past, London, Thames and Hudson, pp. 306–330.
Higham, C. (2009) ‘East Asian agriculture and its impact’ in Scarre, C. (ed.) The Human Past, London, Thames and Hudson, p. 234-244.
The Open University (2007) ‘Audio CD, Track 2’ [CD], A251 World archaeology, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
Perkins, P. (2009) A251 World Archaeology, Milton Keynes, The Open University. Scarre, C. (ed.) (2009) The Human Past, London, Thames and Hudson
Watkins, T. (2009) ‘From foragers to complex societies in Southwest Asia’, in Scarre, C. (ed.) The Human Past, London, Thames and Hudson, p. 200–225.



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Community Agriculture Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution to Food Deserts - Community Agriculture Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution to Food Deserts “There can be no sustainable world without sustainable cities.” (Deelstra, 2000) This applies to many aspects of a city, but what is more important than the topic of fresh food. Sustainable foods will be the foundation of the wellbeing of a community. We not only need these nutrients to support our bodies every day, but it also supports the wellbeing of a society. So why are we ignorant to how many cities are lacking fresh food....   [tags: Agricultural Research ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1476 words
(4.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Guns and Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Society by Jared Diamond - ... Many Asians settled in Indonesia and islands around New Guinea around 1600 B.C which opens up a trade route for New Guinea. This is a great approach for New Guinea at this time because they lacked in technological advances. European conquest of New Guinea and Australia likely occurred due to their technological advances, as well as their environment and geography. Europeans were so advanced at the time that they were able to adapt to a new environment and use techniques they used in Europe such as writing....   [tags: food, agriculture, development]
:: 1 Works Cited
1636 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Effects of Human Capital on Maize Production in Ghana Essay - ... The following were the scope of the GLSS 5: • Household: Housing characteristics, agricultural inputs, crop production, expenditure on food items consumed, assets, savings and loans; • Individuals: Demographic characteristics like education, health, economic activity, migration and tourism of individuals in the household; and • Community: Demographic characteristics of rural communities, economy and infrastructure, education, health and agriculture. Works Cited Becker, G. S. 1964. Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis....   [tags: agriculture, economic growth and development]
:: 32 Works Cited
1569 words
(4.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Agriculture in Malaysia Essay - ... A number of crops are grown for domestic purpose such as cane, bananas, coconuts, durian, pineapples, rice, rambutan. Agriculture occupies a dominant position in the Malaysian economy. Since the era of British colonial government, agriculture has assumed the important role of being the backbone and driving force behind the strength and success of the Malaysian economy. Agricultural exports such as rubber, oil palm and cocoa are a major source of export earnings and have significantly contributed to the development of the agricultural sector and the economy as a whole....   [tags: milled rice, economic development] 2694 words
(7.7 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
A Look Into the Field of Agriculture Essay - History and Development Agriculture has been around for millenniums. It has been around since the beginning of time and has undergone significant developments since the time of the earliest cultivation. It was first thought of in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East and later spread to northern and southern China, Africa’s Sahel, New Guinea and several regions of the Americas. Agriculture practices such as irrigation, crop rotation, fertilizers, and pesticides have made great strides in the past century to meet the needs of farmers....   [tags: Agriculture]
:: 10 Works Cited
2152 words
(6.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Energy and Industrialized Agriculture Essay - Agricultural practices throughout the ages have evolved dramatically. Having started off as simple pastoral management and shifting cultivation, these methods have been altered substantially in the name of “progress”, primarily in the US and other industrialized nations. Through this progression the energy inputs and outputs has been drastically altered. The industrialized food system as we know it is much more complex today than the simple agricultural practices used thousands of years ago. Today, the industrialized agricultural system is dependent on extraordinary amounts of fossil fuel inputs in order to maintain its complexity....   [tags: Agriculture]
:: 7 Works Cited
1601 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Ghana's Agriculture Sector - The agriculture sector is an important asset for Ghana’s economy. It accounts for one-third of gross domestic product (GDP), and provides over 55% of the population’s jobs (Ghana Agriculture). Ghana’s climate is tropical; warm and dry along the southeast coast; hot and humid in the southwest, and hot and dry in the north. The terrain is mostly low plains with divided plateau in the south-central area. The overall percentage of land use is 17.54% of arable land and 9.22% of permanent crops. Environmental current issues in Ghana are deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, droughts, water pollution, and inadequate supplies of potable water....   [tags: Agriculture] 1581 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Cattle Development and Small-holder Farmers in Cambodia Essay - 2.1. Cattle Development and Small-holder Farmers in Cambodia 2.1.1. Cattle Production in Cambodia Livestock in Cambodia makes an important contribution to the agricultural sector. It accounts for 20.9% of agricultural GDP and contributes 7.6% to GDP (FAO, 2005a). Most livestock, including cattle, poultry, and pigs are raised by small-holders, for whom they serve as a source of cash income and provide a subsistence source of protein. Moreover, they are used for draught power, and are used as an asset or savings bank (Harding et al., 2007)....   [tags: Agriculture] 2644 words
(7.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Soundness of Biotechnology Advancements in Agriculture Essay - The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture is on the rise. Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security....   [tags: Genetically Modified Organisms, Agriculture]
:: 15 Works Cited
2015 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Terrestrial Systems and Precision Agriculture - Background Agricultural methodology and process has been improved and benefitted with new technologies. Precision Agriculture (PA) definition is evolving with technology development. Most precise definition may be “The application of technologies and agronomic principles to manage spatial and temporal variability associated with all aspects of agricultural production for the purpose of improving crop performance and environmental quality”[1]. PA is conceptualized by a system approach to re-organize the total system of agriculture towards a low-input, high-efficiency and sustainable agriculture[2]....   [tags: agriculture methodology, technology]
:: 31 Works Cited
3137 words
(9 pages)
Research Papers [preview]