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Intelligence can be defined in several ways. Intelligence is a combination of abilities for example recognizing reality, adjusting to evolving conditions, problem solving, and knowledge. One of the most important aspects of intelligence is an organism being able to familiarize oneself with the environment. The testing of intelligence is to analyze the way an individual thinks and the way he or she reasons, not to understand the how much information he or she as obtained. The problem that arises is the questions do not mean the same thing in every culture, so it becomes difficult to analyze the intelligence of more than one culture with the use of the same test. An ethnically direct meaning of intelligence is to comprehend the ideas behind the testing of intelligence and its effectiveness (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Gardner came up with the development of multiple intelligence demonstrating that intelligence of humans is not an accurate account of an individual’s abilities. Howard Gardner’s theory shows how the conventional aspects of intelligence are vague. He discovered eight ideas of intelligence, which were body-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, musical, interpersonal, visual-spatial, verbal-linguistic, intra personal and natural intelligences. There is potential a ninth intelligence added known as existentialist. Howard Gardner did not feel that individuals do not have intellectual capabilities or one certain strong area; however he or she does have other intelligence, which could make them stronger in more than one area at one time. The eight intelligences represents different categories that elaborates different parts of a person’s life, showing what areas a person is strong in and how to apply his or her intelligen...


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...hial components to accomplish winning connections around social culture text (Indiana University, 2012).
Bias could be a part of intelligence testing and be good for certain groups because of the way some questions are worded. Some individuals will test much higher in these specific groups as opposed to those that are not in the group, but not forgetting that culture experiences play a role in test scores. Individuals tested might have scores immeasurable because of conventional test that do not take into account one’s skills or capabilities. Intelligence test is determined and valid for general and basic skill set, but cannot determine overall how knowledgeable the individual truly is. To some up intelligence test are not effective in measuring an individual’s ability because several issues could arise and IQ test ought to be shunned (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).



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