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Essay on David Hume and Karl Marx’s Critiques of Religion

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Where does religion come from? Many have tried to answer this question, only leaving us with more questions than answers. This essay will focus on two philosophers David Hume and Karl Marx both has strong critiques on the existence of God. Both going against the design argument, the design argument is the argument for the existence of God or single creator; however, with Hume’s empiricist and Marx's atheist they both attack the design argument in different ways, ultimately coming to the same conclusion and that is there is no God.
Fist we must understand what the design argument is based on? It is based on intelligent order simply the theory claiming the universe is designed in order to prove that it is the work of a designer in this case God. Scriptures try to tie itself with the design argument for example “For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. Ever since the creation of the world his eternal power and divine nature, invisible though they are, have been understood and seen through the things he has made. So they are without excuse” (Romans 1:19-21). This in essence is saying God exist through his creations even if man doesn’t see it. Hume’s however does not agree with the scripture, his argument is simple, how can someone argue God exist if he or she were not present to witness the creation. He uses the distinction between a priori and a posteriori knowledge for example; "George Bush Jr. reigned from 2001 to 2009." This is something (if true) that one must come to know a posterior, because it expresses an empirical fact unknowable without prior knowledge. By contrast, consider the proposition, "If George Bush reigned at all, then he reigned for at least a day." This is something th...


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... where Hume’s doesn’t really consider religion as a threat to society since it is pointless to understand the whole concept of religion if man doesn’t understand.
With so many religions out in the world today it only makes it harder for man to feel they are in the right religion. However, it would probably be a lot easier to follow Marx’s and Hume’s religious views where religion does not exist. Between both philosophers Marx’s is the hardest in critiquing religion since it discounts the belief of religion, claiming its poison for man. Hume’s doesn’t completely discard the idea of religion; just for the moment, religions have no cause and affect making it irrational. One can feel this idea can change is religion actually have a cause and effect. I feel by the time man finds the answer for religion, that same day I should find out what came first the chicken or egg?


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