Preview
Preview

Counseling: An Ethical Dilemma with HIV/AIDS Essay

:: 5 Works Cited
Length: 2384 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In the counseling field, it is necessary for clients to trust the therapist and be able to disclose sensitive information about themselves. Many times when a person is coming in for counseling the individual is vulnerable and looking to improve the quality of life. This is the reason why confidentiality is highly important in therapy. It is an essential piece that helps to create a rapport and relationship between the client and therapist. One area in which it is extremely important to explore confidentiality is when clients have HIV/AIDS and there is a third party involved. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has presented an ethical dilemma for many counselors in knowing how to approach decision-making processes in situations encountered within this population (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007).

Confidentiality is “the obligation of professionals to respect the privacy of clients and the information they provide” (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007, p. 31). There are ethical principles that promote the concept of confidentiality universally in both professional code of ethics and legal standards. Legal confidentiality prohibits the counselors discussing private information discussed in sessions to individuals outside the organization. Professional associations cannot necessarily provide legal confidentiality, however the professional association can revoke memberships (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007).

The American Counseling Association states the following regarding contagious, life-threatening diseases, “When clients disclose that they have a disease commonly known to be both communicable and life threatening, counselors may be justified in disclosing information to identifiable third parties, if they are known to be at demonstrable and high risk of contract...


... middle of paper ...


...ote the most ethical, beneficial outcome and care for the client and the others involved.




Works Cited

Chenneville, T. (2000). HIV, confidentiality, and duty to protect: a decisions-making model. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31(6), 661-670. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.31.6.661

Cottone, R. R., & Tarvydas, V. M. (2007). Counseling ethics and decision making. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall

DiMarco, M., & Zoline, S. S. (2004). Duty to warn in the context of HIV/AIDS related psychotherapy: decision making among psychologists. Counseling and Clinical Psychology Journal, 1(2), 68-85. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Rowan, J., & Zinaich S. (2003). Ethics for the professions. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Shallcross, L. (2011). Do the right thing. Counseling Today, 53(10), 28-34.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS - As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (www.cdc.gov). Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression....   [tags: social workers ethical issues]
:: 12 Works Cited
1237 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Mandatory HIV Testing is Wrong Essay - TABLE OF CONTENTS S No Topic Page No 1 Introduction 3 2 Mandatory HIV testing among Pregnant women 4 3 Pros of Mandatory HIV testing for pregnant women 5-6 4 Arguments against Mandatory testing for pregnant women 7 5 Arguments against Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 8-9 6 Proponents of Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 10 7 Conclusions 10-11 8 Recommendations 12 9. References 12-13 Introduction There are different kinds of HIV testing: voluntary testing, where the person tested makes the decision; mandatory testing, where you are tested whether or not you want to be tested; and routine testing, where, if you got some blood drawn for some other reason, an ex...   [tags: Pro Con HIV Testing ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1389 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Developing a Health Advocacy Campaign for HIV Stigma Reduction Essay - My preparation for this assignment began with a review of the Healthy People initiative that was developed by the Department of Health and Human Services. There are many ongoing health issues that our healthcare system is currently dealing with. The Healthy People initiative is a set of goals and objectives designed to guide national health promotion and disease prevention to improve the health of all people in the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). The population health issue I’ve chosen for my policy developing campaign is HIV stigma reduction....   [tags: HIV Stigma Reduction]
:: 7 Works Cited
2741 words
(7.8 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Counseling and The Georgia Addiction Counselors Association is Essay - The state certification credentialing board in Georgia for addiction counselors is The Georgia Addictions Counselors Associations (GACA) located in Smyrna, Georgia. This board was established in 1980. The GACA issues two credentials for addiction counselors and one credential for clinical supervisors. The mission of the Georgia Addiction Counselors Association is to increase awareness of drug dependence and abuse as a major social problem in society the expand of treatment centers made it a necessity to create a system that assures citizens of Georgia that addiction counselors has met an acceptable standard of professional competency....   [tags: Drugs, Certification, Volunteer] 883 words
(2.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on HIV and AIDS - HIV and AIDS The AIDS and HIV virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, no gender, no economic background and not even a specific age group. It can affect anyone, at any time if they put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk. AIDS stands for what is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The virus causes the body's immune system to break down and become useless in fighting illness and bacteria. Even a common cold could lead to the death of a person affected with the AIDS virus....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 692 words
(2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
HIV and AIDS Essay - The Effects of HIV Mutations on the Immune System is deadly. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is classified as a RNA Retrovirus. A retrovirus uses RNA templates to produce DNA. For example, within the core of HIV is a double molecule of ribonucleic acid, RNA. When the virus invades a cell, this genetic material is replicated in the form of DNA. But, in order to do so, HIV must first be able to produce a particular Enzyme that can construct a DNA molecule using an RNA template. This enzyme, Called RNA-directed DNA polymerase, is also referred to as reverse Transcriptase because it reverses the normal cellular process of Transcription....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 1693 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
HIV and AIDS Essay - In 1981, the first cases of severe immune system deterioration were recognized developed unusual infections. The new disease was later named "AIDS". At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Since then, science has shown that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of AIDS. As HIV infection progresses, it weakens a person's ability to fight off diseases. By attacking the immune system, the virus leaves people more susceptible to other diseases. When a person with HIV contracts one of several additional diseases, or when a person's immune system shows serious deterioration, that person is classified as having AIDS....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 1276 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
HIV and AIDS Essays - HIV/AIDS INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the 20th Century it was believed by many, including the United States Patent Office, that there was nothing else to invent. Now, 100 years later at the beginning of the new millenium the ancient Egyptian philosopher is more relevant, "there is nothing new under the Sun". While HIV/AIDS may be a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can potentially or actually decimate a population. In the late middle ages, the Black, now known as the Bubonic Plague, swept through Europe killing virtually half the population....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS] 3478 words
(9.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
HIV/AIDS Essay - HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS] 874 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
HIV/AIDS Essay - With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health] 1969 words
(5.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]