Preview
Preview

The Cosmological Argument and the Mystical Argument Essay

:: 12 Works Cited
Length: 1119 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


The controversial topic involving the existence of God has been the pinnacle of endless discourse surrounding the concept of religion in the field of philosophy. However, two arguments proclaim themselves to be the “better” way of justifying the existence of God: The Cosmological Argument and the Mystical Argument. While both arguments attempt to enforce strict modus operandi of solidified reasoning, neither prove to be a better way of explaining the existence of God. The downfall of both these arguments rests on commitment of fallacies and lack of sufficient evidence, as a result sabotaging their validity in the field of philosophy and faith.
First off, The Cosmological Argument was developed by St. Thomas Aquinas in 1274 through his work entitled Summa Theologica (otherwise known as Five Ways). Its purpose was to prove God’s existence through sensory perception. In Part One, Article Three of Prima Pars, Aquinas states that in order to debate, one must become involved in the opposing argument, then afterwards argue their view. In this case, one must look at both the argument for God’s existence (Theism) and for God’s non-existence (Atheism) in order to truly understand the argument that they are arguing for or against. The cosmological argument is divided into three parts, each containing varying sub-arguments:
In the first part, Aquinas states that the existence of god is not self-evident, meaning that reason alone without appealing to faith can give a good set of reasons to believe. To support this claim, Aquinas refers to “The Argument of Motion”, proposing that:
1) Some things are in motion (an ‘a. posteriori’1 claim)
2) Whatever is moved is moved by another [for nothing can be or should be moved itself (pg. 128)]
3) ...


... middle of paper ...


...or.org/discover/10.2307/40021208?uid=3739448&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21103070119093>
6- Kemerling, Garth. "Berkeley's Immaterialism." Berkeley's Immaterialism. N.p., 2011 Nov. 12. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. .
7- Downing, Lisa,. "George Berkeley." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 10 Sept. 2004. Web. 28 Nov. 2013. .
8- McDermid, Douglas. "God's Existence." PHIL 1000H-B Lecture 9. Trent University, Peterborough. 21 Nov. 2013. Lecture.
9- Bennett, Jonathan. "Berkeley and God." Cambridge University Press: Royal Institute of Philosophy: Philosophy 40.153 (1965): 207-21. Print.
10- "Definition of Neoplatonism in English." Neoplatonism. Oxford Dictionaries, 2013. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. .


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
St. Thomas Aquinas' Cosmological Argument Essay - Among the three arguments to prove God's existence, I find Aquinas's cosmological argument well-grounded in empirical evidence, and that the focus on simple facts proves acceptable in both historical and scientific dimensions. Aquinas starts by stating the preliminary matter that God's existence is not self-evident, and therefore we need to examine God's effects, which we are able to observe, to prove God's existence, although we are not able to understand God's nature perfectly. Aquinas provides five ways demonstrate the existence of a transcendent being through empirical evidence....   [tags: Existence of God] 836 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The History of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God Essay example - Early elements of the Cosmological Argument were developed by the world renowned philosophers Plato and Aristotle between the years 400 and 200 BC (Boeree). Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God. My objective in this paper is to explain why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable argument for the existence of God, the importance of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori argument, and defend my position against common opposing arguments....   [tags: Cosmological Argument, religion] 1357 words
(3.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Craig's Argument for the Existence of God Essay - Craig/Kalam’s Cosmological Argument One of the most argued topics throughout human history is whether or not God exists. It is argued frequently because there are several different reasonings and sub arguments in this main argument. People who believe God exists argue how God acts and whether there is one or several. People who do not believe God exists argue how the universe became into existence or if it has just always existed. In this paper, I will describe Craig's argument for the existence of God and defend Craig's argument....   [tags: cosmological arguments]
:: 2 Works Cited
875 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Cosmological Argument is Self-contradictory Essay - The Cosmological Argument, also known as the First Cause Argument, is one of the most important arguments for the existence of God, not only because it is one of the more convincing, but also because it is one of the most used. The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence....   [tags: Philosophy Religion First Cause Argument] 981 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on The Invalidity of the Cosmological Argument - ... These ways have started philosophers to debate and question his arguments ultimately made the cosmological argument debatable. The cosmological argument is however not a valid argument in explaining the existence of god because the conclusions do not logically follow the premises. The main point in the cosmological argument is the first cause. As stated (by Aquinas) the world cannot be infinite and must have an initial cause, known as god. This was Aquinas’ second way, efficient causes. Aquinas’s used physical observations on Earth to come up with his theory, nothing can being itself into existence....   [tags: god, universe, fallacy] 975 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Cosmological Argument Essay - The Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument 1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: Papers] 1188 words
(3.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God Essay example - The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument Things exist It is possible for those things not to exist Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist....   [tags: The First Cause or Prime Mover] 1012 words
(2.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument Essay examples - The Main Properties of the Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument began with Plato and ever since been defended and attacked by many great philosophers. One of the supporters was Leibniz. The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation. Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from....   [tags: Theology, Philosophy] 817 words
(2.3 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument Essay - The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument There are many strengths within the Cosmological Argument which have proven theories and ways to prove the existence of God. Many of these strengths have come from such scholars as; Copleston, Aquinas and Leibniz, all of which have put together major points to prove the existence of a non-contingent being. One of the main strengths of the Cosmological Argument is from Aquinas way I that was about motion....   [tags: Papers] 524 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Essay - Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused them. Aquinas named this being God. The problem with Aquinas's view is that as physicians have suggested matter is eternal and therefore a necessary being is not required to cause contingent beings....   [tags: Papers] 955 words
(2.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]