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Contrasting Psycodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral and Person-Centered Counseling Theories

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Counseling is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach decisions affecting their life. Often counseling is sought out at times of change or crisis, it need not be so, however, as counseling can also help us at any time of our life” (Woods, 2005). Counseling theories are used by counselors as part of their treatment plan for clients. There are many types of theories that counselors can choose from. These theories are usually hosen based on the client needs and what the counselor feel will be most effective. Counselors are not limited to just one theory when it comes to treating their clients. Theories can be used in conjunction with one another to effectively treat clients. Counseling does not just involve theories alone, it in involves some amount of talking with the person. The talking should be aimed at helping the person solve the problem(s), improve outlook, and/or aid in the client changing their behavior(s) (Woods, 2005).
Many counseling theories intertwine with one another but either lacks something of importance compared to the other or vice versa. A counselor can start out with one theory in the beginning stages of treatment and may choose to incorporate another as treatment progresses. The counselor may also choose to completely abandon the theory they started out with in the beginning of the treatment process and pick up treatment with another theory. All of the above could take place ethically because the patient may progress or regress during treatment and treatment methods may need to be adjusted as your patient makes adjustments. Either way the main goal is to effectively treat the patient in the most ethical and beneficial way as possible.
The three counseling theories that will be compare...


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Sachse, R., & Elliott, R. (2001). Process-Outcome Research on Humanistic Therapy Variables. In D. J. Cain, Humanistic Psychotherapies: Handbook of Research and Practice. Washington: American Psychological Association.
Swildens, H. (1977). Controversies within Rogerian: The Therapeutic Relationship. Tijdschrift voor Psychotherapie, 249-252.
Wilson, G. (2011). Behavior Therapy. In R. Corsini, & D. Wedding, Current Psychotherapies (9th ed., pp. 235-275). Belmont, California: Brooks/Cole.
Woods, D. (2005). What is counseling? Retrieved March 25, 2014, from Douglas Woods: http://www.dougwoods.com/counselling.html



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