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Essay on Constructivism in the Classroom

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1. Constructivism is a method that says students learn by building their schema by adding to their prior knowledge by the use of scaffolding (Rhinehart Neas). Because the students are basically teaching themselves new information, the teacher is there mainly for support and guidance for the students.
Pro: By using a constructivist approach to teaching, students will be “fully engaged in their own learning” (Rhinehart Neas). This allows the students to make sense of what they are doing by relating it to the real world and where they could use the information in their future.
Con: Constructivism classrooms do not have much room for structure (Rhinehart Neas). For new teachers, structure is important to maintain to have control of the classroom. Constructivism is meant for classrooms that can be more student centered than teacher controlled. For new teachers this method could not work very well. Another problem with constructivism is that students may not have the prior knowledge to begin a new lesson (Rhinehart Neas). The student that does not understand is also going to be the student who does not ask for help. Therefore, the teacher sometimes does need to teach and not just be a guide.
2. Inquiry Learning is a way to make the student find their own answers for their questions (Lakes Matyas, Ph.D). Posing a question for the students is a way to get them started. Then, by guiding the students on their own different searches, they all come together in the end to share their findings to answer the question.
Pro: Students today really enjoy the use of technology. With the teachers help the students should be completely engaged in their quest to find an answer. Like constructivism the students are also in charge of their own learnin...


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...du/faculty/chang/sped/mi.html>.
Lakes Matyas, Ph.D, Marsha. "Student-Centered”.
Naskar, Sudhiti. "Pros and Cons of Mastery Learning." MEST Education. MEST Education, 4 Jul 2013. Web. 31 Jan 2014. .
Rhinehart Neas, Linda M., ed. "Constructivist Theory: Pros and Cons." Bright Hub Education. N.p., 6 Jun 2012. Web. 31 Jan 2014. <, eds. "Constructivist Learning Theory: Pros & Cons." Bright Hub Education. N.p., 6 Jun 2012. Web. 31 Jan 2014. . >.
Ribeiro, Luis Roberto C., The Pros and Cons of Problem-Based Learning from the Teacher’s
Standpoint, Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice, 8(1), 2011.
Swan, . "Pros & Cons of Inquiry Learning." Pros and Cons. Pro Con Inc., 21 Apr 2013. Web. 31 Jan 2014. .



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