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Colonialism and Oriental Ideology of Joseph Conrad in his novel: Heart of Darkness

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Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness represents post-colonial ideology, which was not seen as such during the time, but leaving the 21st century reader at an advantage when analyzing the imperial rhetoric. The driving theme behind Marlow’s story in Heart of Darkness is Colonialism. Through the hypocrisy and greed of the European colonizers the ‘savage’ African natives were brutally exploited. Although Conrad highlights the Europeans’ exploitation of the natives, he fails to realize his own oriental ideology.
Throughout the novella Conrad focuses on Colonialism and the hypocrisy of the Europeans. Within the first section of the novella Marlow likens the Europeans to conquerors, claiming they were not colonists. “They were conquerors, and for that you want only brute force-nothing to boast of, when you have it, since your strength is just an accident arising from the weakness of others,” (Conrad 69-70). They are described as arrogant aggressors who benefit from the exploitation of others. The Europeans had the means and self-interest enough to take control of the Congo and its natives. ...


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