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Cognitive Behavioral Theory and Psychodynamic Theory Essay examples

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In this assignment I am going to introduce and unpack cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory. This will include the history of each theory and the theorists that discovered and developed both. I am going to link each theory to where they fit in Payne’s Triangle of Social Work as well as compare and contrast each theory. Both Cognitive behavioural theory and psychodynamic theory both support the purposes of social work in which I will cover beneath. This assignment will also include criticisms of both theories as well.



Cognitive is defined as a mental process; it refers to everything going on in your mind including your thought processes and the way you are thinking and feeling. Behaviour refers to everything that you may do; this includes any action that you may present or act out, this can also be an indirect action that is caused by other underlying behaviours. Therapy is a systematic approach to try and resolve a problem, illness, actions, irregular thought patterns or anything that may be a disturbance that distracts you from your everyday functioning. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a dynamic mode of holistic intervention that seeks to change thought processes that are linked with emotions through a goal-orientated process (Freeman and Ronen, 2007). Individuals have a three-step thought process; inferences, evaluations and core beliefs. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy looks into the dysfunctional thinking a client may have, which influences their thoughts, mood and behaviour. This theory is kept very loose and non-structured; depending on the client different theories will have to be applied depending on their needs and emotions.

The purpose of psychodynamic theory is to improve the social f...


... middle of paper ...


...elli, T., Michel, F. (2007). Behavioural change.

Australian/ New Zealand Reference Centre, 27(4), 265-269. doi:

10.1375/bech.27.4.265



Payne, M. (2005). Modern social work theory. 3rd edition. pp. 119-141.

Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan



Ronen, T. (2008). Cognitive behavioural therapy in M. Davies: the Blackwell

companion to social work. United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishers



Sheldon, B. (2011). Cognitive-behavioural therapy. 2nd edition. Canada:

Routledge



Sheldon, B. (2005). Cognitive-behavioural therapy: research and pratice in

health and social care. Canada: Routledge



Sheafor, B., Horejsi, C. (2003). Practice Frameworks for Social Work, (6).

Techniques and guidelines for social work practice (6th Ed.). Boston,

USA: Allyn & Bcon


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