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Causes and Effects of Capital Punishment Essay

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Capital punishment, or otherwise known as the death penalty, is death sentenced upon a person by the state as a punishment for a crime. These crimes are known as capital crimes or capital offenses. Capital punishment has been practiced in many societies; now 58 nations practice the death penalty, while 97 nations have abolished it. In the past, it was common for the ruling party to make the offender known throughout the community for his or her criminal act. Thus, if the community were made aware of the consequences for breaking the laws, the crime rate would reduce. Such criminal penalties included: boiling to death, disembowelment, crucifixion and many more. As time went on the movement towards more humane treatments took hold. In the US, the electric chair and gas chambers were introduced but have been almost entirely superseded by lethal injection. Nevertheless, capital punishment has been a part of human history and will always continue to be a controversy and a debate. (Bedau)
The purpose for my writing is to figure out what causes and effects come from the use of capital punishment. Advocators believe that the death penalty deters murder and it’s a good tool for prosecutors. Also, it makes sure that the convicted felons don’t murder again thus being a just penalty for child murders, serial killers or torture murders. On the other hand, opponents argue that we don’t have the power to take another human being’s life; so it encourages a culture of violence that violates our human rights. Opponents also argue that the execution discriminates against minorities and the poor. Through these many viewpoints I believe that the issue of capital punishment will continue to be a controversy.
One of the main reasons why I decided to ...


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...ica Have Capital Punishment? : The Experts on Both Sides Make Their Best Case. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. Print.
Bonner, Raymond. The New York Times. The New York Times. Web. 19 Mar. 2012. .
Costanzo, Mark. Just Revenge: Costs and Consequences of the Death Penalty. New York: St. Martin's, 2001. Print.
Espejo, Roman. Does Capital Punishment Deter Crime? San Diego: Greenhaven, 2003. Print.
Jost, Kennth. "The CQ Researcher Online." CQ Researcher by CQ Press. 23 Sept. 2005. Web. 29 Feb. 2012. .
Tucker, William. "Capital Punishment Works." The Weekly Standard. Web. 19 Mar. 2012.


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