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Essay on Brain Disorders: Seizures or Epilepsy

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Seizures or epilepsy are brain disorders where the person has repeated convulsions over a period of time. They’re episodes of disturbed brain activity that cause changes in attention and behavior. Seizures are considered the most common observed neurological dysfunction in children. They are very sudden intermittent episodes of altered consciousness lasting seconds to minutes and include involuntary tonic (stiffening of muscles) and clonic (altering contraction and relaxation of muscles) movements.
These attacks are characterized by sudden periodic episodes of unconsciousness or impaired consciousness resulting in bizarre movements and behaviors including changes in motor control, sensory perception, behavior, and/or autonomic function. It’s a disorder of the central nervous system in which the neurons or nerve cells discharge in an abnormal way either central or dispersed. It might be caused by a head injury or meningitis however if the cause is unknown it is termed idiopathic epilepsy.
If someone is having a seizure the nurse or caregiver should record a series of findings which include the activity immediately before the seizure, body movements, changes in color, respiration, or muscle tone, any incontinence, and the parts of the body involved and if possible the seizure should be timed. Post seizure documentation should include the person’s appearance, behavior and level of consciousness.
There are a number of seizures out there that people should be aware of especially in the health care field. Childhood epilepsy is categorized into partial and generalized seizures. Generalized seizures are a result of abnormal neuronal activity on both sides of the brain, they may cause a loss of consciousness, falls or massive muscle spa...


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...om the Epilepsy Foundation of America as well as other useful resources. It is also important the caregiver allows the child to be an active participant in his or her care and therapy. Support from family is extremely important, the ability to set short and long term goals allowing the child to lead a fully productive and normal life as possible.
A nursing care plan related to a seizure disorder would include a “risk for injury related to uncontrolled involuntary movements”, the goal would be to control the seizure by reducing triggers. Interventions would include a soft cushion on both sides of the bed to reduce any injuries from a seizure, supervise during and after seizure to ensure safety. Recording the patient’s type of seizure, duration, and activities before, any incontinence and loss of consciousness to try and determine the area of the brain affected.





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