Preview
Preview

At War's End: A Critique Essays

:: 1 Works Cited
Length: 1897 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The purpose of peace building is to create conditions for a stable and lasting peace and to prevent the recurrence of large-scale violence in a post-civil war environment. Roland Paris's thesis in At War's End is effectively his claim that the Institutionalization Before Liberalization (IBL) strategy is the only effective way to support a society coming out of civil war, so as to avoid the destabilizing effects of liberalization, and that certain conditions are critical to its success. These particular conditions, as summarized by Paris, include a large, and often invasive, international presence, a long term commitment with no fixed end date or rush to an exit strategy, and large amounts of resources. However, while these terms for long lasting peace appear to be sound, they have not always been successful , or implemented as such, and in fact have essentially been counterproductive in some cases. Paris's approach has not always and may not always produce long-term sustainable peace with functioning institutions of democracy and the economy, because of dilemmas inherent in the approach. Though it is observed that most stable and peaceful states are democracies with productive economies, implementing the IBL strategy requires fine tuning and specific adjustments for every post-civil war state on a case by case basis.
Several dilemmas arise in Paris's approach as observed in peace building operations in different country cases. I will outline two that subsequently lead to further sub dilemmas that necessitate accountability. The first is that there are a great deal of differences across the peace building missions in that they take place in very different environments. Each country in which peace building operations are...


... middle of paper ...


... to support its implementation however, such an approach may essentially be counterproductive if implemented in a uniform procedural, short-term manner for every country case. The IBL program must proceed with the needed understanding of post-conflict needs and goals of a country's people, the cooperation and incorporation of a country's own initiatives, and a carefully personalized long-term democratic and market liberalization infrastructure for each country case. If every one of these conditions is not fulfilled than the IBL may certainly not produce long-term sustainable peace with functioning institutions of democracy and the economy because it is these very conditions that are the dilemmas inherent in the approach.


Works Cited

Paris, Roland. 2004. At War's End : Building Peace After Civil Conflict. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Critique of the Vacant Sky: The End of the Manned Space Program? Essay - Critique of the Vacant Sky: The End of the Manned Space Program. Since the creation of this nation, the United States has continued to break boundaries. War after war the United States established itself as the protector of justice. In the midst of the cold war, an unprecedented political standoff, the United States broke the barrier once more. Intellectual curiosity coupled with enmity toward the Soviet Union lead to the Space Race. The fervor for putting a man on the moon was unparalleled. The quintessential Aeronautics protagonist, John F Kennedy once proclaimed to congress, “This nation should commit itself to achieving the goal…of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to t...   [tags: nasa, budget] 1244 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Candide: A Critique Essay - Let me start off by saying that I thoroughly enjoy satires; it is the genre I appreciate most for its employment of wit and militant irony. Upon delving into Candide by Voltaire I was lured in by its display of ridiculously brutal situations that dramatized the many evils of human experience. I think Voltaire wonderfully crafted this particular satire through his conglomeration of themes and symbolisms. Seemingly swiftly Voltaire takes the reader through a manifold of episodes of extreme cruelty that prove both horrible and vividly comic....   [tags: Candide Voltaire Review Critique] 899 words
(2.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Transition Between Film and Theater: War Horse Essay examples - In this essay I will explore the different effects film and theatre has on an audience and if the transition from theatre to film, which tends to be thought of as “deadening”, can be truly successful. To do this I will be using the production of War Horse as a vehicle, and I shall be investigating and exploring the different points of view of critiques and journalists and by using my own personal experience as well. To begin with, to be able to compare whether a story can be successful in both mediums one must know the difference between them....   [tags: Critique, Audience] 2417 words
(6.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Just War and Pacifism Essay - The question "Can war be justified?" plagued mankind since the first war. The Just War Theory holds that war can be just. The theory has evolved for thousands of years and modern theorists, such as Michael Walzer, author of Just and Unjust Wars, puts forth criteria for a just war, such as jus ad bellum and jus in bello. Jus ad bellum includes reasons for going to war, and jus in bello deals with the people who wage war. The criteria in jus ad bellum include; just cause, declaration by a proper authority, right intention, a reasonable chance of success, the end proportional to the means, and war as a last resort....   [tags: War Pacifism Peace Essays]
:: 7 Works Cited
1886 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Importance of Military Ethics in War Essay - Military Ethics War has always been, and will always be, a necessary action perpetrated by the human race. There are many different reasons for war: rage, passion, greed, defense, and religion to name a few. When differences cannot be solved or compromised through mediation with an opposing party and anger burns with a fiery passion, war is the last remaining option. Obviously, the purpose of any war is to win. How are wars won. Perhaps if we were to ask a member of the Defense Department during the early stages of the war in Iraq, his answer might be, “To win this war we must force the enemy into submission by means of ethical warfare.” If we were to ask a marine in the Second World War w...   [tags: War, Army, marine, International Relations] 1073 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Critique of DiLorenzo's The Real Lincoln Essay - A Critique of the Real Lincoln The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War, by Thomas J. DiLorenzo completely shatters the illusion of the 16th President as the liberator of the slaves. DiLorenzo provides convincing evidence for Lincoln’s overt racism as expressed in his documented views on racial supremacy as stated in his desire to colonize all American blacks outside the United States (p. 4); Lincoln’s views were matched by the majority in the North who used such tools as state constitutional amendments to prohibit the emigration of black people into Northern states like Lincoln’s home of Illinois (p....   [tags: Thomas J. DiLorenzo Abraham Lincoln]
:: 1 Works Cited
1899 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Book Critique of The Longest Day - Book Critique of The Longest Day Cornelius Ryan, born in Dublin, Ireland in 1920, worked as a reporter covering the battles in Europe from 1941-1945 and then the final months of the Pacific Campaign. His articles were printed in both Reuters and the London Daily Telegraph. His first book was The Longest Day, published in 1959, selling over 4 million copies in 27 different editions. In 1962 a director named Darryl Zannuck made the book into a movie. Ryan's next book was The Last Battle, published in 1966....   [tags: The Longest Day] 868 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Analytical Critique of The Godfather Essay - Analytical Critique of The Godfather      I believe the reason that, 'The Godfather', is such a great film is because it lets audiences decide whether they like the characters or not. Too many movies made about organized crime begin with some seemingly random act of violence. 'The Godfather', however, lets it be known from the start to judge the characters in the film based on what type of person they are instead of the criminal activities they may engage in.      The film begins with a wedding, and this setting sets the stage for the basic theme of the movie, which is family....   [tags: Movie Film Review Godfather Essays] 928 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Critique on Open City Essay - Critique on Open City “Open City” is a neo-realist film that followed the movement in Italy during World War 2. The film is neo-realistic because it has that ‘reality’ like feeling to it by following specific characters through their daily stressful lives that are screwed up from poverty and war. It has many qualities that make it in some ways ‘closer’ to the characters. While watching, the viewer is sucked into the story and immediately feeling emotional with the families and the other various characters in the film....   [tags: Film Movies] 1104 words
(3.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Alas Babylon Critique Essay - Critique Alas Babylon, by Pat frank, is a story that revolves round the actions of a single idea, survival. This is reflected in his choice of the title in itself. It is a phrase that is repeated several times in the book, and brings a sense of uneasiness each time. These words come from a part of the “Revelations of St. John, which describes the decadence of Babylon and the evils that surrounded it at the time (Pg.14-15).” The characters in this book, Mark, and Randy Bragg, began using this phrase from a preacher that they used to listen to as kids....   [tags: essays research papers] 485 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]