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Essay on Animal Testing For Scientific Purposes

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Animal Experimentation has been around for centuries. In fact, animal testing dates back to the days of Aristotle. During these times, scientists would dissect animals to test surgical procedures before using these procedures on humans, which is similar to what we do now. Today, vivisection, the use of animals for scientific purposes, helps and hinders medical research and development. Therefore, there are many pros and cons to animals testing for scientific research.
So far animal testing has resulted in the increase of countless human and animal lives and life expectancies around the world. When scientists use animals to experiment with medications it helps them to develop vaccines and cures. These vaccines and cures are the reason why millions are not dying from certain diseases, like Polio and Rubella.
Polio is a serious disease that affects the nerves of the spine and often makes a person permanently incapable of moving particular muscles. In the early 1900’s, chimpanzees were used to study the poliovirus. Two doctors by the name of Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper made a breakthrough discovery. They injected the Poliovirus into chimpanzees by taking parts of the spinal cord of a boy who had perished of Polio, and administered it into the chimpanzees. After forty years of research the Salk and Sabin Polio vaccines were finally introduced. According to dosomething.org, “Polio cases have decreased more than 99% since 1988 from an estimated 350,000 cases to 223 cases in 2012” (“11 Facts”). Animal experimentation is the main cause of this drop.
Rubella is another disease that owes its demise to vivisection. It used to be known as German measles, but later scientists realized it was not a form of measles and renamed it Rubell...


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