American History


Length: 1774 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓
President Jackson hated the Bank of the United States. No bank in America had more power than it, and Jackson mistrusted monopolistic banking. The Bank of the U.S. controlled much of the nation’s gold and silver. The President of the Bank was Nicholas Biddle. The war between Jackson and Biddle erupted in 1832, when Daniel Webster and Henry Clay presented Congress with a bill to renew the Bank of the United States’ charter. The re-charter bill was passed through Congress, but was vetoed by President Jackson. The veto not only stopped the bank bill, but increased the power of the President. Jackson said that the bank was unconstitutional, but was actually saying that he personally found it harmful to the nation. The Supreme Court had said that the Bank of the U.S. was constitutional earlier. Jackson decided he was going to slowly shrink the amount of money in the Bank by using it to pay for day-to-day expenses of the government, this way the Bank of the U.S. would surely die.

Indian Removal Policy
Many Americans were moving south and erasing and redrawing treaty lines over and over again. The Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles were trying hard to learn the ways of the whites. Most whites felt that the Indian’s attempts weren’t good enough. In 1828, Georgia Legislature declared the Cherokee tribal council illegal. It asserted its own rule over Indian affairs and lands. The Cherokees appealed this move to the Supreme Court, which said Georgia’s move was unconstitutional. President Jackson wanted to open Indian lands to white settlement, and refused to recognize the Court’s decision. He proposed a removal of the remaining eastern tribes. The removal was supposed to be voluntary, but ended up not being. The tribes would move west of the Mississippi, where they would be permanently free of whites. The removal policy led to the forced removal of more than 100,000 Indians. Countless Indians died on forced marches.

Recognizing Texas
After Mexico won its independence in 1823, it gave a huge tract of land to Stephen Austin. They gave it to him with the understanding that he would bring into Texas three hundred American families who would become Roman Catholic and properly Mexicanized. These stipulations were mostly ignored. Early in 1836, Texans declared their independence.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"American History." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Dec 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=156708>.
Title Length Color Rating  
New Phase in American History Essays - Following the Revolutionary War that lasted from 1776 to 1783, Britain’s thirteen North American colonies entered a period of great uncertainty. Finally free from the constraints of the Old World, the Founding Fathers of the United States were facing the predicament of a small population with limited resources and an unstable frontier. Though it was unclear as to how the colonies would create a New World order, most of the Founding Fathers had agreed upon a single point – that they would avoid the “balance of power” politics that had long reigned in Europe....   [tags: American History] 1190 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Influence of the Enlightenment on American History - It was during and after the American Revolution that many of the main ideas of the Enlightenment were used as the guidelines to help influence things such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The United States was founded on key figures such as Thomas Jefferson, who was greatly influenced by the Enlightenment ideas, which helped shaped the country as well. Great Britian had its own Enlightenment before America, whih was developed by thinkers like John Locke, and many others....   [tags: American History]
:: 1 Works Cited
869 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Hypocrisy of Teaching American History Essay - The Hypocrisy of Teaching American History Reading, writing and arithmetic, these three subjects are the basic outline for American schools. In those subjects, where does history fit in. Some believe that teachers avoid history because of how corrupt America has been. James W. Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me, says, "Parents may feel undermined when children get tools of information not available to adults and use them in ways that seem to threaten adult-held values." (Loewen 296.) The adults had to learn the same false history children are being taught today....   [tags: American History] 626 words
(1.8 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Role of Espionage in American History Essay - Role of Espionage in American History Knowledge is power. It is as simple as that. Espionage is the secret gathering of information, often referred to as "intelligence". Intelligence refers to the processed information needed to make any decision. This could be used for business, military, economic, or political decisions. More often than not, this term refers to domestic or foreign policy of a country. Espionage is illegal in all countries, yet all countries have some form of espionage organization....   [tags: American History Spying]
:: 8 Works Cited
2394 words
(6.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Defining Moments in American History - American history has had many defining moments over the last five decades which has helped America to develop to the way it is today. Each decade holding many life changing events and discoveries in them it would take a long time to cover each and every one of these so I have chosen a major event that I find to be of great worth to Americans today. We can all learn from the past events and work together to make American a safer and better place to live, and one way to do so is by learning from the past....   [tags: US American History] 1903 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Early American History Essay - Early American History Unity within colonies was extremely strong because it was assembled in a primal urge for survival. The colonists were in this entirely new land, so it was natural they would stick together to the familiar, and therefore build strong bonds and loyalty to their colony. Exclusion also excellently describes early America because of the way colonies expelled their own people if they did not follow the colony's strict ‘rules' of life. The primary source documents; "City upon a Hill", "Ann Hutchinson's Trial", "Founding Of The Iroquois League", and "The Mayflower Compact" are all brilliant examples of this contradictory yet surprisingly honest view of early American history....   [tags: American History] 1179 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on American History Terms - American History Terms 1. Government role in RR building- Congress was impressed by arguments supporting military and postal needs and began to advance liberal money loans to two favored cross- continent companies in 1862 and added enormous donations of land and tracks. Within the routes the RR’s were allowed to choose alternate mile- square sections in checkerboard fashion 2. Significance of Transcontinental RR- A magnificent engineering feat- most impressive peacetime undertakings. Welded West Coast firmly to the Union....   [tags: American History] 513 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
American History To 1887 Essay - Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum's Salem Possessed explores the pre-existing social and economic divisions within the Salem Village community, as an entry point to understand the accusations of witchcraft in 1692. According to Boyer and Nissenbaum, the village split into two factions: one interested in gaining more autonomy for Salem Village and led by the Putnam family, and the other, interested in the mercantile and political life of Salem Town and led by the Porter family. Boyer and Nissenbaum's deft and imaginative look at local records reveals the contours of communal life in colonial New England and provides a model through which to understand the witchcraft accusations as part of a l...   [tags: American History] 1127 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
American History Essay examples - President Jackson hated the Bank of the United States. No bank in America had more power than it, and Jackson mistrusted monopolistic banking. The Bank of the U.S. controlled much of the nation’s gold and silver. The President of the Bank was Nicholas Biddle. The war between Jackson and Biddle erupted in 1832, when Daniel Webster and Henry Clay presented Congress with a bill to renew the Bank of the United States’ charter. The re-charter bill was passed through Congress, but was vetoed by President Jackson....   [tags: American History] 1774 words
(5.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on American History To 1700 - The writings of Columbus, Castillo, and de la Casas represented vastly different points of view of the Spanish conquests of the Americas. In his first letter, Christopher Columbus mostly focused on the political victory of the voyage and arriving in the Indies (p. 32), and the splendor of the landscape including palm trees, mountains, and beautiful birds (p. 33). In the subsequent letter to King Ferdinand of Spain, Columbus seems selfish and one-sided (somewhat understandable considering that he was begging Ferdinand for forgiveness of his crimes (p....   [tags: American History] 944 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]



After Texas won its independence, President Jackson recognized Texas as an independent nation. Many Texans wanted not just recognition, but outright union with the United States. Texas officially petitioned for annexation in 1837.

Jackson’s Legacy
Andrew Jackson was the seventh President of the United States. He was orphaned in youth, and became the first self-made and the first westerner to become president. During his two-term presidency, Jackson expanded executive powers and transformed the President's role.


The Second Great Awakening
A boiling reaction against growing liberalism in religion started in 1800. It began on the southern frontier and soon rolled into the northeast cities. The Second Great Awakening surged across the land. It affected even more people than the First Great Awakening did. It was one of the most momentous episodes in the history of American religion. The Second Great awakening converted souls, many shattered and reorganized churches, and numerous new sects. Methodists and Baptists were the most successful in harvesting souls.

Roots of Reform
Many reformers wanted a perfected society: free from cruelty, war, intoxicating drink, discrimination, and slavery. The main reformers were women, who were also struggling for their own suffrage. Most reformers were descendants of pioneer farmers. They either ignored the factory workers, or blamed their problems on bad habits. Sometimes reformers applied conventional virtue to refurbishing an older order. Most reformers were intelligent, inspired idealists. The optimistic promises of the Second Great Awakening inspired many people to fight against evils.

Women’s Roles and Rights
Starting the nineteenth century, the U.S. was still a man’s world. A wife was supposed to immerse herself in her home and subordinate herself to her husband. Women could note vote, could be legally beaten, and could not retain property titles when she was married. Even then, American women were still being treated better than European women. Gender differences were strongly emphasized in nineteenth-century America mainly due to the economy. The economy was increasingly separating women and men into sharply distinct economic roles. The home was the women’s place to be. Most of the women reformers were white and well-to-do.

Utopian Experiments
Various reformers set up more than forty communities of a cooperative, communistic, or communitarian nature. Robert Owen was one of them. He founded a communal society of about a thousand people at New Harmony, Indiana, in 1825. He was seeking human betterment. Not long after, the colony sank in a morass of contradiction and confusion. Brook Farm in Massachusetts was started in 1841. The people that lived there prospered reasonably well until they lost a new communal building due to a fire. Many other various communistic experiments were attempted, but sooner or later they failed or changed their methods.

National Literature
Before the war of 1812, there was basically no true American literature besides political essays. After the war of 1812, American literature received a strong boost from the wave of nationalism. By 1820, literature could finally be supported as a profession. The Knickerbocker Group in New York was among the first companies to produce American literature. Members of the Knickerbocker Group include Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, and William Cullen Bryant. Washington Irving was the first American to win international recognition as a literary figure. James Fenimore Cooper was the first American novelist. William Cullen Bryant wrote “Thanatopsis,” which was one of the first high-quality poems produced in the United States.



Westward Movement
President Jackson was the first president from beyond the Appalachian Mountains. His rise to presidency exemplified the westward march of the American people. The people in the United States were young, restless, and energetic. By 1840, the demographic center of the American population map had crossed the Alleghenies. Frontier life was tough and crude for the settlers.

The Economy and the Environment
The westward movement also changed the physical environment. Americans in a hurry often exhausted the land in the south with tobacco and then pushed on. This resulted in barren and rain-gutted fields. In Kentucky, cane grew as high as fifteen feet and stopped the settlers from moving though it. Later, the settlers found out that the cane could be burned, and European bluegrass grew. This bluegrass made an ideal pasture for livestock. Fur trapping also became very popular. Traders would go to the Rocky Mountains, and trade with Indians and trappers for their leather. Trade in buffalo robes also flourished.

Irish and German Immigration
Many Irish and German immigrants came to the United States during the mid-1840s. Both of them came due to crop failures with Ireland’s potato famine being the worst. Both Ireland and Germany had fallen under hard times. The immigrants came to America for a better life. Most of the time, the new immigrants were treated horribly by the Americans. The Americans felt that the Irish and German immigrants would take their jobs. They were often regarded suspiciously by the old-stock Americans. The Irish and Germans greatly contributed to shaping the American life.

The Factory System and Market Economy
British inventors perfected a series of machines for the mass production of textiles in 1750. This led to a modern factory system, and the industrial revolution. The factory system gradually spread from Britain. America was much slower to embrace the machine than other countries in Europe. Although a number of small manufacturing enterprises existed in America, the value of the output of factories did not exceed that of farms until well past the middle of the nineteenth century. One of the reasons that industry did not take off was the British competition. The British factories provided very tough competition. They could make goods of high quality much cheaper and often sold them to Americans. The British also enjoyed a monopoly of textile machinery. Many families stopped raising all of their own food, and spinning their own wool. Instead, they started to buy goods from the market for cheaper.

Transportation Revolution
Railroads, canals, better roads, and steamboats all played a vital role in improving transportation. Turnpikes and steamboats were first used to make traveling faster and cheaper. Canals were also being built to do this. The most significant contribution to the development of the economy was the railroad. It was fast, reliable, cheaper than canals to build, and not stopping in winter. It defied terrain and weather. The biggest problem with all of the increased transportation methods were the states’ right’s activists. They opposed federal aid to local projects. The lower cost to ship products and raw materials greatly helped the factories produce goods at a cheaper price.

Emergence of a Continental Economy
Transportation was becoming cheaper and cheaper due to the constructing of railroads, canals, improved roads, and steamboats. Because of this, many local market structures were swamped by cheaper prices coming from other areas of America. Many farmers in New England had to move west due to the cheaper prices of food coming in. This is just one of the economic and political changes following the improved methods of transportation.

Capitalists and their Workers
With the market economy, there was an increasingly acute labor problem. While many owners of factories became rich, the workers had long hours, low wages, and bad meals. The workers were forced to work in unsanitary buildings that were poorly ventilated, lighted, and heated. Many child workers also worked in the new factories. By law, it was illegal to form labor unions to raise wages. The workers tried to strike in order to increase wages, ten-hour days, and other goals. The owners of the factories would often higher different people. The new people were known as scabs because they were ruining the worker’s chances at receiving higher wages and other needed things.

Trade and Communication
The economy of America was starting to become a market economy, where Americans would buy goods from other places instead of making it themselves. Britain was one of the main countries that traded with America. They could mass produce goods so they were much cheaper than what the Americans could make themselves. Communication also increased. Cyrus Field had stretched a cable under the Atlantic Ocean from Newfoundland to Ireland, permanently linking America and Europe. Morse Code was also invented that made communicating from distances much easier. It put distantly separated people in almost instant communication with one another. It revolutionized news gathering, diplomacy, and finance.


Return to 123HelpMe.com