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Essay on A Study of Obesity in African-Americans

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Obesity remains an extremely serious issue worldwide. Once considered a problem for wealthier counties, overweight and obesity are now dramatically increasing in low and middle income countries (WHO, 2011). In American, the rates of obesity continue to soar. CDC (2009) recognizes obesity as a risk factor for diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and other health problems. According to NHANES over two-thirds of the US are overweight or obese, and over one-third are obese (CDC, 2009). Treatment for this illness varies; it may include the incorporation of diet, exercise, behavior modification, medication, and surgery. Since there is no single cause of all overweight and obesity, there is no single way to prevent or treat overweight and obesity that will help everyone (CDC, 2009).
African-American women have the highest rates of obesity in the county (Gaston et al., 2011). Not only are there disparities prevalent between African-American and Caucasian women, research found a disparity between African-American men and women (Ogden, 2009). African-American women have the highest prevalence of the major risk factors-physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and stress-which contributes to poor health outcome (Gaston, 2011). Understanding the causes of this disparity will assist in the development of targeting the African-American population for appropriate weight-loss intervention (Ogden, 2009). This study focuses on obesity in African-American women and the impact of faith-based interventions on weight loss.
Methodology
This is a faith-based weight loss study, based on a random control, pre-test and post-test design, with faith-based interventions aimed at addressing obesity in African-American women. This design measured pre...


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...ng, eating habit, walking and exercising. This program allowed the researcher to teach weight management lesson and skills week. All topics support the messages given in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and My Pyramid.
The intervention group met following the weigh-loss education group. This faith-based series developed by the researcher consisted of 30 minute. This group discussed scriptures, importance of prayer, journaling success, and the commission of exercise.

Summary
African-American continues to lead the nation with the highest rates in overweight and obesity. Healthy People 2010 have set forth goals of decreasing obesity nationally. Research supports identification of cultural specific interventions for this targeted population. This studies focus was faith intervention as a tool to support an increase in weight-loss in African-American.




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