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Essay on A Sociological Aspect of Gang Activity

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Gangs can be classified as a group of adolescents who are perceived to be a threat to society, are mostly recognized by their name and territorial power, and have been involved in numerous acts that violate criminal law procedures in North America. (Esbensen, Winfree, He and Taylor, 2001). The first theme that was present in the pieces of literature collected was the lack of opportunities. As previously stated before, becoming involved in a gang starts at a young age. An article titled “Youth Gangs and Definitional Issues: ‘When is a Gang a Gang, and Why Does It Matter?’” explicates what exactly constitutes a gang, starting with young adolescents. Using a survey conducted in the United States, Finn-Aage Esbensen, L. Thomas Winfree, Jr., Ni He, and Terrance J. Taylor (2001) surveyed over 5,000 students. The questions asked were based on how and why they chose to be in a gang (whether they were a part of it currently or before the survey was conducted). The authors concluded their research in deciding unanimously that there was a connection between a social learning theory, and the commencement of gangs. Correspondingly, Herbert C. Covey (2003) created an academic book entitled, Street Gangs Throughout the World, which gave an in-depth look at the different types of gangs across the world. Throughout several chapters, Covey looks at the root causes of how any why gangs are formed. The author noticed that there was a significant trend among young, deprived adolescents and gang membership. (Covey, 2003). Covey (2003) indicated that the more underprivileged a youth was, the more likely the chances would be of them joining a gang, which is a major concern.
Throughout these two pieces of academic literature, two key sociologic...


... middle of paper ...


...or (2001) “Youth
Gangs and Definitional Issues: When is a Gang a Gang, and Why Does it Matter?”.
Sociological Abstracts. 47(1): 105-130

Fox, Kathleen A. and Jodi Lane (2010) “Perceptions of Gangs Among Prosecutors in an
Emerging Gang City.” Sociological Abstracts. 38(4): 595-603.

. Melde, Chris, Terrance J. Taylor and Finn-Aage Esbensen (2009) “‘I Got Your Back’: An
Examination of the Protective Function Membership in Adolescence.” Sociological
Abstracts. 47(2): 565-594.

O’Rielly-Fleming, Thomas and Barry Clark (1993) “Youth Injustice: Canadian Perspectives.” In
Dean E. Frease eds. Dialects and Delinquency. pp. 31-39. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’
Press Inc.

Rossiter, Marian J. and Katherine R. Rossiter (2009) “Diamonds in the Rough: Bridging Gaps in
Supports for At-Risk Immigrant and Refugee Youth. Sociological Abstracts. 10(4): 409-
429.



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